CHAPTER IV. COTTONSEED MEAL AND COTTONSEED
Article 1. Definitions of
Words and Terms
Unless otherwise specified, all Rules in Chapter IV shall apply to
contracts for cottonseed meal, and cottonseed hulls.
RULE 241: A Contract.
Sec. 1. Unless otherwise stated, contracts shall be expressed as a
specific number of tons as defined in Rule 25. Contracts covering more
than one carload or truckload shall be construed as divisible and not
entire so that default, in quantity or quality, on one or more cars or
trucks will not affect the remainder of the contract. Each carload or
truckload shipment shall be treated as a separate contract for purposes of
quality determination, except in the case of shipments for export where
quality shall be determined on the basis of each 112-ton lot or fraction
Nothing in this Rule shall prevent buyer
and seller from agreeing to average out weights on contracts involving
shipments over more than one month or to more than one consignee.
RULE 242: A Car.
Unless otherwise specified in the contract, a car of cottonseed meal or
pellets shall be a minimum of 80 tons.
RULE 243: A Truckload.
Unless otherwise specified in the contract, a truckload of cottonseed meal
shall be 25 tons; a truckload of cottonseed hulls shall be 23 tons.
Processing plants will comply with state and federal laws not to exceed
Article 2. Grade and Quality
A. COTTONSEED MEAL
RULE 260: Cottonseed Meal.
Cottonseed meal is a product of the cottonseed only, composed principally
of the kernel, with such portions of the fiber, hull, and oil as may be
left in the course of manufacture. It shall be graded and classed
according to the following Rules.
Cottonseed Meal, Prime Quality.
Cottonseed meal, prime quality must be finely ground not necessarily
bolted, must not have a sour or musty or burnt odor must be free from
excess of lint, and shall contain not less than 36 per cent of protein or
5.76 per cent of nitrogen It shall be designated and sold according to its
protein or its nitrogen content. Cottonseed meal with 36 per cent of
protein or 5.76 per cent of nitrogen shall be termed "36 per cent
protein cottonseed meal, prime quality", or "5.76 per cent
nitrogen cottonseed meal prime quality", and higher grades
appropriately designated to reflect the guaranteed analysis.
262: Solvent Extracted Cottonseed Meal, Prime Quality.
Solvent extracted cottonseed meal, prime quality, shall be meal
manufactured by the solvent extraction process, shall be so designated at
the time of sale and so tagged. It shall meet the quality specifications
provided in Rule 261.
RULE 263: Low
Gossypol Cottonseed Meal.
Low Gossypol cottonseed meal shall mean cottonseed meal that contains not
more than 0.04 per cent free gossypol. It shall be designated at the time
of sale, so tagged, and shall meet the quality specifications contained in
RULE 264: Cottonseed
Meal, Off Quality.
Cottonseed meal that has a sour or musty or burnt odor, contains more than
5% hard lumps or has insect infestation shall be graded cottonseed meal,
B. SIZED COTTONSEED MEAL
Rule 265: Conditioning Agents.
Any of the above meal products (listed in Rules 260 to 264) may contain a
non-nutritive, inert, non-toxic conditioning agent to reduce caking and
improve flow ability, in an amount not to exceed that necessary to
accomplish its intended effect and in no case to exceed 0.5%. The name of
the conditioning agent must be shown as an added ingredient.
Pelleted Cottonseed Meal, Prime Quality.
. . . . Percent protein cottonseed meal pellets, prime quality, shall be
sized and pelleted as stated in contract. It shall not contain in excess
of 5 per cent loose cottonseed meal unless specifically stated in
C. WHOLE PRESSED COTTONSEED
RULE 267: Whole Pressed
Whole pressed cottonseed is the product that results from subjecting whole
undecorticated cottonseed to the expeller, extruder, or screw press
process for extraction of the oil. It includes the entire cottonseed less
the oil extracted and the linters removed.
268: Whole Pressed Cottonseed, Prime Quality.
Whole pressed cottonseed, prime quality, must be produced from sound
cottonseed, shall be firm in texture, must not have a sour or musty or
burnt odor, and shall contain not less than 22 per cent of crude protein.
It shall be sold according to its protein content.
Whole pressed cottonseed with 22 per cent
of crude protein shall be termed "22 per cent whole pressed
cottonseed, prime quality", and higher grades appropriately
designated to reflect the guaranteed analysis.
D. COTTONSEED HULLS
RULE 280: Prime Cottonseed
Prime cottonseed hulls shall be sound, not musty, and shall contain no
more than 5% foreign substances and trash, and shall have no lint taken
off except through the linters in the usual oil milling of cottonseed.
Cotton burrs and stems, even though reground, also hull pepper, bran and
loose lint reclaimed from a lint beater, shall be considered foreign
substances, if added to cottonseed hulls.
RULE 281: Off Quality
Cottonseed hulls that do not meet the standard set forth in Rule 280, or
that have been made from off grade, heated, bolly or trashy cottonseed, or
that have heated after being made, or are otherwise damaged, or contain
products not associated with cottonseed, shall be graded off quality
E. SIZED COTTONSEED HULLS
Cottonseed Hull Pellets, Prime Quality.
Cottonseed hulls that meet the specifications of Rule 280 shall be sized
and pelleted as stated in the contract. Pelleted shipments may contain no
more than 5% loose cottonseed hulls unless specifically stated in
Article 3. Adjustments
283: Quantity Variations.
On contracts for either bulk or sacked cottonseed meal or cottonseed
hulls, a variation of 5 per cent above or below contract quantity shall
constitute a good delivery as to weight; provided that 5 per cent shall
not exceed 2-1/2 tons.
Settlement for overweight or underweight
shall be made in accordance with Rule 41.
RULE 284: Meal Settlements.
Sec. 1. No claim for deficiency in protein or combined protein and fat
shall be made by the buyer unless such deficiency shall exceed 1/2 unit of
protein, or 1/2 unit of combined protein and fat, if sold that way. If a
contract carries a separate fat guarantee, no claim for fat deficiency
shall be made unless the deficiency exceeds two-tenths of one per cent.
Sec. 2. Cottonseed meal not coming up in
analysis to contract grade, shall be a good delivery if within 1-1/4 units
of the protein, or 1-1/4 units of combined protein and fat, if sold that
way, specified in the contract. Settlement prices shall be reduced in such
proportion as the deficiency bears to the guarantee. If a contract carries
a separate fat guarantee, the product shall be a good delivery, with
respect to fat content if within five-tenths of one per cent of the fat
specified in the contract. Settlement price shall be reduced by
three-tenths of one per cent of the contract price for each one-tenth of
one per cent of fat deficiency.
Sec. 3. Reductions in price made according
to Section 2 of this Rule shall be based on the F.O.B. contract price.
Sec. 4. If a product is sold on sample, the
permissible variation in analysis and in other quality factors shall be in
accordance with this Rule and Rule 285.
Sec. 5. If a product is sold on a nitrogen
or ammonia basis, the permissible variation shall be determined from the
equivalent protein content obtained from the conversion table in Chapter
VII of these Rules.
RULE 285: Variation In Value.
Where all or any portion of a shipment of a product equals 95 per cent or
more of contract value, on the basis of quality, buyer shall accept
delivery at an allowance to be agreed upon or fixed by arbitration. If the
value of a product does not equal 95 per cent or more of contract value,
the buyer may reject. Value under this Rule, shall be determined on the
basis of contract price.
The variation permitted in this Rule is
exclusive of that permitted under Rule 284 and a product may be rejected
under that Rule even though it equals 95 per cent or more of contract
Article 4. Packages
286: Types of Packages.
Products may be sold either in bulk or sacked, as specified in the
contract. Sacked products shall be tagged as such and each sack shall show
the product description, the net weight, and the name and address of the
Article 5. Performance of
287: Shipping Instructions.
Sec. 1. Specified or Scattered Shipments. In the case of contracts
providing for delivery on a basis other than quick, immediate or prompt,
either buyer or seller may, at the time the contract is made or at least
five (5) days prior to the beginning of the contract delivery period,
furnish the other party with a shipping schedule. Unless such a schedule
is rejected in writing by either contracting party at least two (2) days
prior to first shipping date, it shall be considered part of the contract.
If the contracting parties cannot agree on a schedule or if none is
furnished by either party, it shall be understood that shipments will be
made on a scattered basis as defined in Rule 28.
Sec. 2. Equipment Requirements and Complete
Instructions. Where shipments are to be made on a scattered or specified
basis, the buyer shall furnish the seller with equipment requirements at
least five (5) days prior to scheduled shipments. If, at the time of
loading, shipping instructions have not been furnished in accordance with
the terms of the contract, the shipper may load either a box car or a
hopper car. At least one day prior to scheduled shipment, buyer must
furnish complete shipping instructions which shall permit seller to ship
in an orderly manner and to complete shipment according to schedule and
within the contract period.
Sec. 3. Other Shipments. When contracts
call for quick or immediate shipment, buyer shall furnish shipping
instructions within 24 hours of date of contract. When sold for prompt
shipment, buyer shall furnish such instructions within 5 days of date of
Sec. 4. Furnishing Tags. On all interstate
shipments, the mill may apply tags (or, if in bulk) report tonnage to the
State of destination and charge the tax to the buyer.
Sec. 5. Failure or Refusal to Furnish
Instructions. Failure or refusal by the buyer to furnish shipping
instructions, as required by this Rule shall give the seller the options,
during any contract delivery period or any date after expiration thereof,
(1) to load car or cars as scheduled and to place same on track, notifying
buyer and railroad that all charges are for buyer's account; or (2) to
treat as breached by the buyer all or any part of the contract for which
such instructions have not been furnished. If seller elects the latter
option, be must proceed as provided in Rules 50, 51, 52 and 53.
RULE 288: Shipment.
Sec. 1. One or More Months. When a shipping schedule has been established
as provided in Rule 287, seller must begin shipment in accordance with
such schedule and must complete shipments within the contract period(s),
unless (1) seller has ordered and received railroad assurance of available
car or cars; (2) railroad fails to furnish such cars on schedule; and (3)
seller has notified buyer of the delay.
Sec. 2. Failure or Refusal to Ship. If
seller fails or refuses to ship in accordance with Section I of this Rule
or within such period or periods as may be specified in the contract,
buyer shall have the option to treat as breached any part of the contract
not shipped on schedule. If buyer elects to do so, he must proceed after
failure of seller to ship on schedule as provided in Rules 50, 51, 52 and
Sec. 3. Extension of Contract. Nothing in
this Rule shall prevent buyer and seller from agreeing to extend a
contract beyond its expiration date. The terms of such an extension shall
be exchanged in writing after the original expiration date.
RULE 289: Shipper's
If the shipper, with his invoice, furnishes an official weight certificate
signed by one of the parties described in Rule 66, the weight shown on
that certificate shall govern settlement.
RULE 290: Rejection.
Sec. 1. If all or any portion of shipment of products is not equal to
contract quality, within the tolerances permitted in Rules 284 and 285,
the buyer may reject. If he does so, he must so advise the seller by
facsimile or e-mail within 48 hours after arrival of shipment at
In the case of shipments for export, buyer
may reject within 5 days after delivery of product at port of export,
provided the car is held without unloading during such period.
Sec. 2. If seller is notified of rejection,
he shall have the privilege of replacement with a product of contract
quality provided, within 48 hours of receipt of rejection notice, he
informs buyer of his intention to do so. If a shipment is for export,
seller may replace after expiration of the contract period. All
replacements shall be for immediate shipment as defined in Rule 28.
Each replacement shall be made from the
original point of shipment or from any point if shipper equalizes freight
and transit privileges. Only one replacement is permitted.
Sec. 3. Whether or not seller exercises his
privilege of replacement, he must, within 48 hours after receipt of
rejection notice, repay to buyer all amounts paid out by the buyer on
account of the rejected product. If seller declines to replace or make the
refund herein required, buyer must, to preserve a claim, proceed as
provided in Rules 50, 51, 52 and 53.
Sec. 4. If buyer unloads a shipment of a
product which he claims to be of rejectable quality, thereby making it
impossible for seller to obtain an official sample, settlement shall be
made on the basis of shipper's analysis at point of origin.
Article 6. Weighing and
291: Methods of Sampling Products.
Sec. 1. Sacked Products. Two ounces or more from a sack of meal or 4
ounces or more from a sack of pellets shall be drawn so as to fairly
represent the contents of the sack. At least 5 per cent of the number of
sacks in each carload or truckload shall be sampled. In the case of
pellets, samples shall be promptly ground into meal in an attrition mill.
If the sampler does not have grinding facilities, he shall draw at least 4
pounds per car or 10 pounds per 100 tons of sized cake or pellets.
Unless a car or truck contains products of
different kinds or grades, only one sample is required. If several
shipments by car or truck are to be analyzed as one sample (i.e. export
shipments), the sampler shall commingle equal proportional parts by weight
from each car or truck. If 100 tons or more are involved, a commingled
sample consisting of 4 ounces from each car or truck will be acceptable.
Sec. 2 (a) Bulk Meal. Bulk meal may be
sampled with a standard 63" double tube, open handle grain probe. The
probe shall have 10 openings and shall be without partitions.
The probe shall be inserted at an angle of
about 10 degrees from the vertical with the slots closed. The slots shall
be faced up when the probe is opened. While the slots remain open give the
probe several twists or up and down motions so that all openings will be
filled. Close slots and withdraw the probe, emptying the contents through
the open end onto a sampling cloth or into a suitable container. The
individual probes are composited and mixed as in Section 3.
a) Bulk meal in cars-At least 25 probes
must be taken al uniformly separated sections of the car. b) Bulk meal in
trucks-At least 8 probes must be taken as follows: (1) Four probes in
center of truck equally spaced from end to end along center line of truck.
(2) Two probes on opposite sides of the truck about two feet in from the
front and sides of the truck. (3) Two probes on opposite sides of the
truck about two feet from the rear and sides of the truck.
Sec. 2 (b) Bulk Meal. Bulk meal may be
sampled with a Pneumatic Probe Sampler which is an electric powered unit
having an air pump and collection tank with bottom release shutter, and a
probe consisting of a series of sections of inner and outer tubes, which
can be assembled to reach the bottom of a truck, box car or hopper car.
The bottom and outer tube is fitted with a
steel, saw-tooth cutter blade for cutting through the meal. The outer tube
is 2 inches in diameter and the inner tube, 11/4 inches in diameter. The
chamber formed between the two tubes delivers the air to convey the sample
upward and through a reinforced plastic tube into the cyclone collection
tank. A filter collects any fines in the sample. Any pneumatic probe
sampler equal or equivalent in performance to the "Probe-A-Va"
(supplied by Corn States Hybrid Services, Des Moines, Iowa,) will be
Assemble sufficient sections of the probe
of the pneumatic sampler to reach the bottom of the loaded car or truck.
With the motor running, insert the probe into the top of the meal and
thrust at a uniform rate with a rotation motion through the meal until the
bottom is reached. Quickly withdraw the probe and insert at the next
A number of probes, sufficient to provide a
minimum of 2 oz. of sample for each 1,000 lbs. of meal, shall be taken as
follows: a) Bulk meal in boxcars and trucks, a minimum of five probes
shall be taken in a roughly symmetrical pattern. One probe shall be in the
center of the car or truck. The other probes shall be on lines on both
sides about 2 feet from the wall at points from 2 to 4 feet back from the
center posts towards both ends of the car or truck. b) Bulk meal in hopper
cars, one probe shall be taken from each opening with a minimum of six
probes for each car. The individual probes shall be composited and mixed
as described in Section 3.
Sec 2. (c) Bulk Meal. Bulk meal may be
sampled with an automatic mechanical sampler (AOCS Official Method Ba
1-38, revised 1958, Reapproved 1993).
The automatic sampler and auxiliary
equipment shall be inspected for cleanliness and soundness and placed in
operation before loading is begun.
The sampler shall cut a portion for the
entire cross section of the meal stream at a point where the meal is free
falling. Portions so taken shall be at frequent and regularly spaced
intervals to obtain not less than four ounces of meal for each 1,000
pounds as loaded, and shall be deposited in a covered 10-gallon container
through a closed, airtight chute from the mechanical sampler.
If desired, a sample divider may be
installed in the chute between the automatic sampler and sample container,
reducing the volume to be retained, returning the unused portion to the
Note: For information pertaining to
suppliers of sampling equipment, communicate with the Secretary of this
Sec. 3. Handling Samples. A sample secured
in accordance with Sections 1 and 2 of this Rule shall be thoroughly mixed
and then reduced to 4 portions of about 1 pound each by means of a
mechanical splitting device such as a Jones or Boerner divider, or its
equivalent. Each portion shall be placed in an airtight container and each
shall be identified as to car or truck number and date drawn. The
inspector shall forward 1 portion to the buyer and 1 to the seller and
shall retain 2 portions which may be called for in the event of a dispute.
RULE 292: Point of Origin
Sec. 1. If the seller so elects, he may, at his own expense, have a sample
of meal drawn at point of origin by an official weigher and inspector. If
the shipper follows the procedure set forth in Sec. 2 of this Rule, this
sample shall be the official sample for settlement purposes.
Sec. 2. When shipment is made by rail, a
properly identified portion of the sample shall, on the day the sample is
drawn or on the first business day thereafter, be forwarded to the buyer
by the official weigher and inspector. On truck shipments, a properly-
identified portion of the sample shall be forwarded to the buyer via the
Sec. 3. When furnishing shipping
instructions, the buyer may direct that his portion of an origin sample be
forwarded to an address other than the destination of the shipment. In
that event, the official weigher and inspector shall, within the time
limit provided in Sec. 2, forward buyer's portion of the sample in
accordance with such instructions.
RULE 293: Weighing.
Sec. 1. Bulk Shipments. Unless the shipper, with his invoice, furnishes an
official weight certificate, as described in Rule 289, bulk carload
shipments of the products covered by this Chapter shall be weighed at
destination in the manner prescribed in Rule 73. After unloading and
before weighing, empty cars shall be thoroughly swept and cleaned.
If bulk shipments are delivered in trucks
and seller guarantees weight at destination as provided in Rule 4, each
truck shall be weighed as provided in Rule 73. The weight ticket for each
truckload shall be so numbered or marked that the weigher can identify it.
Sec. 2. Sacked Products. Carload and
truckload shipments of sacked products may be weighed on track or truck
scales as provided in Section I of this Rule. If not so weighed, the
weigher shall select at random 5 per cent of the number of bags in the car
or truck. Such bags shall be weighed and the average weight thereof
applied to all bags in the car or truck. The weight certificate shall show
the total number of bags in the car or truck.
Article 7. Claims
295: Period For Filing Claims.
Sec. 1. Domestic Shipments. All claims on domestic shipments of products
must be made within 45 days after arrival at first United States or
Sec. 2. Export Shipments. All claims on
shipments of products for export must be made within 30 days after
arrival, at United States or Canadian destination, of last car or truck
completing the contract for the month.
RULE 296: Basis For Claims.
All weight claims shall be supported by a weight certificate, as provided
in Rule 70, showing weight of each car or truck and date of arrival at
destination. The weight of the contract as defined in Rule 241 shall be
the basis of a weight claim.
Claims for quality shall be based upon each
carload or truckload except in the case of export shipments where such
claims shall be based upon each 112-ton lot or fraction thereof.